Tea is a brewed beverage made from the leaves of the Camellia Sinensis plant. There are many types of tea, with different varieties and flavors. It is typically caffeinated, but some herbal teas are decaffeinated. Tea drinkers vary their brews with various combinations of milk and sugar to suit their tastes. With such a variety, it can be hard to know which one to try next! One must first know the different types of tea that exist. 


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Green Tea

Green tea has been around for ages and is the most popular of teas. In general, it is an affordable and readily available beverage. Green tea contains a good amount of antioxidants and can offer a wide range of health benefits. It is also delicious! Green tea was first developed in China and was a religious beverage for the Chinese Taoists. It was first made from Camellia Sinensis, the same plant producing black tea, oolong tea, and blackberry leaves.
Nowadays, green tea is mainly referred to as a healthy drink. This is because it also contains smaller amounts of caffeine, making it a great choice for reducing or eliminating caffeine intake. In addition, it is said that green tea can help prevent cancer, increase concentration and even improve athletic performance. 

Flavor and fragrance
There are Green teas that are mild and have a clean flavor. But others have a stronger flavor with a green aroma, which is called “Earthy.” It is because green tea leaves have been allowed to oxidize when harvested. The oxidization causes the leaves to be brown and look like a blend of black tea and oolong. Some people even refer to it as “black tea with a green smell. 
The flavor of green tea depends on the amount of time of oxidation. The more time it is oxidized, the stronger the taste is. This is why some customers prefer “Earthy” teas over “cleaner” ones. Originally, a more expensive and rare variety of tea called “fermented green tea,” had a stronger flavor and aroma. However, these teas are already fermented, and any further oxidation would not have been desirable for its taste.
The aroma of green tea and the flavor is very much dependent on how it was processed. For example, some green teas have a flowery fragrance, and others have a strong, pungent odor. This is because different areas of China produce different types of tea, with each type having its unique scent. There are, however, few similarities between all kinds of green teas. For example, they can be grouped into categories based on their shape. They’re either round balls or flat ones, and their shape is either a heart or more of a ball shape.

Black Tea

Black tea is a standard drink for people of all ages. It originated in the East and is composed of the same ingredients like green tea, but it undergoes some special treatment during the manufacturing process. After picking, green tea leaves are steamed to prevent oxidation from occurring. The leaves are then rolled to stop them from oxidizing further and then dried. Next, they are withered and crushed to release natural enzymes within the leaf. This process is what makes black tea so strong. 
The leaves are then put through a machine that rolls and crushes them to enable a softer texture. Lastly, they are put through a firing process that burns off any remaining moisture so they can be stored. During this process, the leaves are also turned into a fine powder, which gives black tea its dark brown color. Only the top two or three leaves and stems of each plant are used to make black tea, and it is picked during late April or early May.

Flavor and fragrance
The flavor of black tea depends on the type of tea plant and its fermentation. The tea is made from the “ferment.” This is a rock-like object that holds all of the nutrients and flavor. Some people prefer black teas because they have an earthy-woody flavor and can help you get through your busy day. Others prefer green teas because of their milder taste.
Black teas are commonly known as Chinese teas. Black teas include Keemun, Yunnan, Dian Hong and some Japanese teas like Sencha and Gyokuro with various intense flavors. 
The fragrance of the tea is also influenced by fermentation. As the fermentation process goes on, more of the catechins are oxidized and give off a stronger aroma. Therefore, the fragrance of black tea has been said to be stronger than that of green tea.

White Tea

White tea is made from young leaves picked when they are still covered by fine white hair. White tea, in general, has a lower level of caffeine compared to other types of teas and delivers excellent health benefits. White tea is a popular tea choice for many people with its calm, soothing, and relaxing properties. It is also great for those who want to get rid of their caffeine addiction. 
White tea originates from China. It is also known as Silver Needle Tea because the white hairs look like silver needles on the leaves. The tea can be harvested from young or old plants. White tea is usually very fresh because it is picked just once a year when the leaves are at their best.

Flavor and Fragrance 
White tea is known for its unique and delicate flavor. It has a light body and an elegant taste. This tea is also known for its high antioxidant content, which can help protect the body from several diseases such as cancer or heart disease. It contains more Vitamin C than most other types of teas as well. 
The fragrance of white tea is very mild and pleasant. It has a slightly sweet aroma and is popular among those sensitive to other teas’ strong smells.

Oolong Tea

Oolong tea is an aromatic Chinese tea that has become very popular over the years. It is a semi-fermented tea and has benefits similar to green tea. Oolong teas are also commonly known as dragon well tea because they have a dragon-like shape. Oolong comes from the same plant as black or green tea, but it does not undergo extensive manufacturing. Oolong teas have grown in popularity over the years and are now one of the most popular types of tea in today’s world. Its reddish-brown color can easily identify this type of tea. 
Oolong tea is picked during a different period than green or black tea. Oolong tea is made from the “twig” or “branch” leaves that can be picked when they are still very young. The leaves are initially dry-stored until they have been cured.

Flavor and fragrance 
Oolong teas tend to be stronger and have a fuller flavor than white teas. The flavor can be described as woodsy and herbal. It has a longer withering process. This allows the leaves to oxidize slightly but not enough to lose all of their original green colors. The leaves are then rolled and crushed again; they can oxidize more than green tea but less than black tea. 
This is why oolong teas tend to have a stronger aroma than other types of tea. The fragrance of white tea can also vary depending on where the tea is made, but it will not have a solid and mouthwatering smell like black tea.

Herbal and Specialty Teas

Herbal teas tend not to be as popular as other teas, but they are still very much alive. Herbal teas are made from leaves harvested from plants that also grow lavender, chamomile and rose. From its appearance, the tea looks pretty much like regular green tea, but the taste is a little different from what you may be used to. Herbal teas are great for those who want to sleep better or relax. 
Some herbal teas also contain licorice root and hibiscus flowers. The health benefits of herbal and specialty teas are very similar to that of white and black tea. This is because Herbal and specialty tea are derived from the same plant as green, black, and white teas. 

Flavor and fragrance

Herbal teas tend to have a very light taste that is similar to that of white tea. Some of them have sweet flavors, while others are slightly more bitter. Some popular herbal teas include chamomile and peppermint. These teas are typically chosen by those who do not enjoy the strong flavor of other teas or prefer a lighter taste. Herbal teas are also thought to have a more potent aroma than different types of tea. The smell is usually described as earthy with a strong scent. 

Pu-Erh Tea

Pu-Erh tea is also known as “cooked” or “ripe tea.” It’s a fermented tea that is also made from the Camellia sinensis plant. Pu-erh is a popular tea choice because it contains many health benefits. However, this tea is usually very strong due to its high level of caffeine content, and this can give people a headache or cause them to feel jittery. This kind of tea is unique because China first made it in China. Pu-Erh’s name comes from the idea that it is made from the same plant as other teas, but it must go through more processing before it becomes Pu-Erh.

Flavor and fragrance
It also has a pleasant aroma that can complement any meal. Pu-erh tea is an elegant and flavorful type of tea. The fragrance of Pu-Erh Tea is usually described as sweet. However, the taste of this tea is very strong and can be a little overpowering for people who are not used to drinking tea. The taste of Pu-erh Tea is best described as significantly earthy and similar to that of black tea. 

Rooibos Tea 

Rooibos tea is a popular type of tea that comes from South Africa. It is often referred to as Redbush tea, and it is made from the leaves of the Rooibos bush. From its appearance, one would think that rooibos tea originated in the Orient. The leaves resemble those of a black tea, but they are red in color and much rounder. This type of tea is quite popular, and it has many different health benefits, including reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Most people choose this type of tea because they want something with a little more flavor than green tea but does not contain the caffeine that black and white teas do.
Rooibos tea contains no caffeine, making it an ideal choice for those trying to quit drinking caffeinated beverages such as coffee. 

Flavor and fragrance 
Rooibos tea is not fermented like other teas are. Those who have never tried rooibos tea before may find the flavor to be a bit bitter at first, but it can grow on you with time. Some people say that rooibos tea has hints of vanilla or caramel flavors to it because of the unique way it is processed.
The fragrance of rooibos tea tends to be very light compared to other types of tea, including green and black teas. The scent can is more earthy and woodsy. Rooibos tea tends to have a more pungent taste than most types of tea. 

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Conclusion

Tea types can differ from one another in several ways. From appearance to production, the processes used to create different kinds of tea can vary widely. In addition, the way the leaves are processed plays a significant role in when and how the tea will taste. As a result, there are many different varieties of tea that have been produced over time. Resulting in a wide range of choices, the best one depends on your preference and what benefits you wish to have.